Skip to main content

RateLimiting based on load on nodes

We are a cloud based file storage company and we allow many access point to the cloud. One of the access point is Webdav api and people can use any webdav client to access the cloud. But some of the webdav client especially on mac OS are really abusive. Though the user is not doing any abusive action, the webdav client does aggressive caching so even when you are navigating at a top directory it does PROPFINDs for depth at 5 or 6 level to make the user experience seamless as if he is navigating local drive. This makes life miserable on the server because from some clients we get more than 1000 requests in a minute. If there are 5-10 clients do the webdav activity then it causes 100 or more propfinds per sec. Luckily the server is able to process these but it hurts other activities. So we needed to rate limit this. Now as the user is really not doing any abusive action it would be bad to slow down on penalize the user in normal circumstance, however if the server is under load then it would be worth while to throttle the user for some time.

Luckily Jdk1.6 has a light weight api to get system load average.

 public double getSystemLoadAverage() {
  OperatingSystemMXBean osStats = ManagementFactory.getOperatingSystemMXBean();
  double loadAverage = osStats.getSystemLoadAverage();
  return loadAverage;
 }


And now I can write code like

  if(throttlePropFinds(req, user)) {
   logger.info("Throttling due to excessive webdav requests from user {}", user.getId());
   if(throttlingHelper.isBlockUsers()) {
    double loadAverage = SpringBeanLocator.getJvmStatsLogger().getSystemLoadAverage();
    if (loadAverage > 4) {
     logger.info("Sending 503 as loadAverage>4 and excessive webdav requests from user {}", user.getId());
           resp.sendError(WebdavStatus.SC_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE);
           return;
    }
   }
  }


The logic I used for propfind rate limiting is simple where I keep track of all users who made>1000 requests in last 5 min and only if loadAvg is >4, I send 503. For brevity I am not putting the code to count no of request made by users in last 5 min but I am using memcache to maintain the counters in one minute buckets.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

RabbitMQ java clients for beginners

Here is a sample of a consumer and producer example for RabbitMQ. The steps are
Download ErlangDownload Rabbit MQ ServerDownload Rabbit MQ Java client jarsCompile and run the below two class and you are done.
This sample create a Durable Exchange, Queue and a Message. You will have to start the consumer first before you start the for the first time.

For more information on AMQP, Exchanges, Queues, read this excellent tutorial
http://blogs.digitar.com/jjww/2009/01/rabbits-and-warrens/

+++++++++++++++++RabbitMQProducer.java+++++++++++++++++++++++++++
import com.rabbitmq.client.Connection; import com.rabbitmq.client.Channel; import com.rabbitmq.client.*; public class RabbitMQProducer { public static void main(String []args) throws Exception { ConnectionFactory factory = new ConnectionFactory(); factory.setUsername("guest"); factory.setPassword("guest"); factory.setVirtualHost("/"); factory.setHost("127.0.0.1"); factory.setPort(5672); Conne…

Logging to Graphite monitoring tool from java

We use Graphite as a tool for monitoring some stats and watch trends. A requirement is to monitor impact of new releases as build is deployed to app nodes to see if things like
1) Has the memcache usage increased.
2) Has the no of Java exceptions went up.
3) Is the app using more tomcat threads.
Here is a screenshot

We changed the installer to log a deploy event when a new build is deployed. I wrote a simple spring bean to log graphite events using java. Logging to graphite is easy, all you need to do is open a socket and send lines of events.
import org.slf4j.Logger;import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory; import java.io.OutputStreamWriter; import java.io.Writer; import java.net.Socket; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.Map; public class GraphiteLogger { private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(GraphiteLogger.class); private String graphiteHost; private int graphitePort; public String getGraphiteHost() { return graphiteHost; } public void setGraphite…

Jersey posting multipart data

This took me sometime to figure out mostly it was because I was only including jersey-multipart-1.6.jar but I was not including mimepull-1.3.jar.

So the intent is to upload a file using REST api and we need pass meta attributes in addition to uploading the file. Also the intent is to stream the file instead of first storing it on the local disk. Here is some sample code.
@Path("/upload-service") public class UploadService { @Context protected HttpServletResponse response; @Context protected HttpServletRequest request; @POST @Consumes(MediaType.MULTIPART_FORM_DATA) @Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON) public String uploadFile(@PathParam("fileName") final String fileName, @FormDataParam("workgroupId") String workgroupId, @FormDataParam("userId") final int userId, @FormDataParam("content") final InputStream content) throws JSONException { //.......Upload the file to S3 or netapp or any storage service } }
Now to tes…